- Cici Mao
Christopher Houston “Kit” Carson was born in Richmond, Kentucky on December 24, 1809. He moved to Howard County, Missouri when he was young and worked near Franklin, Missouri where the Santa Fe Trail lied. After years of watching people travel along this trail, he finally escaped to Santa Fe and joined a trading caravan. There, he became a skilled trapper and tracker under the guidance of Thomas Fitzpatrick in the northern Rocky Mountains. His skills and good memory were first recognized when he served as a guide for John C. Fremont along the Oregon Trail in 1842. Fremont was so impressed by Carson's guiding skills that he rehired him when he explored the Great Lakes and the Sierra Nevada in 1843. This was the start to the long lasting growth of his national fame.
He became known as a great Indian fighter in the Mexican War after serving Fremont. He became a great legend and hero of his time, and even now, there are many novels and movies about his life and adventures in the West.
- Jin Cho
Early America, though boasting greater freedom and social mobility, was still modeled in many ways after the ways of Great Britain. Because of this, the US kept its comprehensive system of debtors prisons. These prisons were places where those who defaulted on loans or taxes. Individuals were forced to either work off loans or find outside benefactors to fund their release--until then, they were forced to live in sub-par conditions with little food and heating.
Kentucky was one of the first states to outlaw the use of debtors prisons: it took the national government until 1833 to ban the practice.
- Joanna Slusarewicz
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States. He was assassinated while traveling through Dallas, Texas in a convertible. Jacqueline Kennedy and Texas Governor John Connally accompanied JFK in an open-top Lincoln Continental. The presidential motorcade had passed through Dealey Plaza, and three shots were supposedly fired from the Texas School Book Depository Building by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Vice President Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as the 36th president that afternoon. Oswald, a defector and former Marine, was arrested and held for questioning after killing a policeman. As Oswald was being transported to another jail, Jack Ruby, a nightclub owner, shot and killed Oswald. Ruby was convicted of Oswald's murder but died while awaiting a new trial.
Numerous investigations were completed, but each reached different conclusions. The Warren Commission concluded neither Oswald nor Ruby were involved in a larger conspiracy, but the House Select Committee on Assassinations disagreed. Many theories, some reasonable and some not, have been put forth regarding Kennedy's assassination.
JFK was laid to rest in Arlington National Cemetery. His grave is marked by an eternal flame.
- Zsombor Gal
On November 8, 1861, a battle occurred between Union and Confederate forces at Ivy Mountain, near what is today what is today known as Prestonburg. The battle was fought at the base of Ivy Mountain, hence its name, and was a major conflict in the Big Sandy Expedition of Brigadier General William "Bull" Nelson.
The confrontation was between a group of twelve detachments from the Union Ohio and Kentucky units and a total of eleven companies of Confederate cavalry and infantry. It was initiated when General William Sherman ordered Nelson's Union detachments to cut off a group of Confederate soldiers, led by Confederate Colonel John S. Williams, who were re-stocking ammunition at Pikeville (then known as Piketon). Williams, upon hearing news of this, began retreating towards Virginia. As Williams retreated, a group of soldiers under Captain Andrew Jackson May stayed and planned an ambush on a narrow road bend near the base of Ivy Mountain.
Despite having gained the advantage of surprise over the Union troops, the Confederates were soon pushed back after the initial clash due to a tactical flanking maneuver by Nelson . Due to a mixture of poor weather conditions and efforts by the Confederate troops to slow them down (such as chopping down trees and laying them over the road), the Union troops under Nelson eventually gave up the chase and returned to camp.
While the battle was not the most decisive in the Civil War, it is generally considered a Union victory, as the Confederates were forced to retreat after their failed ambush. This early Union victory helped solidify the Union's hold on Eastern Kentucky.
- Angus Maske
To be determined
- "Name Here"
On October 31, 1882, James Fisher Robinson, the 22nd governor of Kentucky died. While his death had no historical significance, his life certainly did. He was a member of the Kentucky State Senate and later was Kentucky State Senate President. When Governor Beriah Magoffin resigned from office because of clashes with President Lincoln and a misplaced desire to remain completely neutral during the Civil War, he appointed Robinson as governor. Robinson worked to establish Kentucky as a supporter of the Union. That year, the Battle of Perryville occurred while another Confederate army marched on Frankfort, requiring Robinson to move to Louisville until they left. In response to the Emancipation Proclamation, Robinson defended the rights of Kentucky slave owners, doing exactly what Magoffin had expected when appointing Robinson to office. After his term as governor, Robinson moved back to his hometown of Georgetown and continued to work as a lawyer until his death.
- Karina Henson
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